Monday, December 31, 2007


Sorry I do not have the citation for these two marriages. When located again these entries will be updated.

Philip Parker and Mary A. Lankford before 1840 King & Queen County, Virginia

Anderson Wright and Elizabeth Langford, 1794, Mechlenburg County, Virginia

Tuesday, December 25, 2007

Robert L. Langford Obituary

Robert L. Langford

Hawthorne - Robert L. Langford, age 56 of Hawthorne, Fl. died peacefully surrounded by family and friends on Tuesday November 27, 2007.

A long time resident of Alachua County, Mr. Langford is a graduate of Newberry High School and U.S. Navy retired. He is also a member of the American Legion Post 91, Trenton, Fl., Disabled Veteran's of America (Life Member) and Fleet Reserve Assoc. Post 25 in St. Augustine, Fl.

Mr. Langford is survived by his Partner, Kirk A. Vorhees of Hawthorne, two daughters, Kimberly L. Langford (Eric Walters) of Gainesville and Erica Carroll (Guy) of Naples. He leaves a loving mother, Mrs. Shirley Bass of High Springs, a brother, James R. Langford (Tory) of Archer, a sister-in-Christ, Mrs. Melissa Taylor (Billy) of Archer, a sister, Mrs. Shirlene E. Harvey (Jimmy) of High Springs, nephews Jimmy D. Harvey, Jr. (Alicia), Richard L. Harvey (Sam), James A. Langford (Tonya), nieces Renee McKenzie and Jennifer Caldwell (Mike), 4 great nephews and 2 great nieces, along with a host of loving friends and worldwide life time acquaintances. Those who precede him in death are Mr. Langford's twin brother, Michael Langford, his father, Virgil 0. Langford, step fathers Lawrence F. Brewer and Tommy Lee Bass.

Funeral services will be held Friday November 30, 2007 at 11:00 am at Milam Funeral Home Chapel. Interment will follow at Bronson Cemetery in Bronson, Fl. In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions may be made to the American Legion Jamerson-Sheffield Post 91 P.0. Box 559 Trenton, Fl.

Arrangements are under the care of MILAM FUNERAL AND CREMATION SERVICES 311 S. Main Street Gainesville, Fl. 32601 (352) 376-5361.
Published in the Gainesville Sun from 11/29/2007 - 12/1/2007.

Note: Robert was a participant in the Langford DNA Project and matched several members who will miss him and his kindness and love of family genealogy.

Friday, November 30, 2007

South Carolina Revolutionary War Documents

Major Warley to Gen. Marion
[Horry MS.]

Camp Congaree, August 11, 1782.

Dear General:

I take the liberty of enclosing you the names of near 500 soldiers, belonging to the 3d regiment, most of whom were absent at the time Charlestown surrendered to the enemy. Many of them are entitled to their discharges; but the greater part are deserters, and I hope will be apprehended and made to serve their times over, at least. A few have already been taken up and tried by a court martial in camp, and sentenced to serve in the South Carolina line two days for every absent one. Whether this kind of punishment is right or not, I am at a loss to know; however, the men seem satisfied with it. I heartily wish this list may enable you to strengthen our line, which is still very weak, as you will see by the annexed return of the detachment under my command. I propose making out a few copies now, in order to send to Gens. Henderson and Pickens, and to some of the militia Colonels. Corporal Gambell unfortunately, a few days ago, killed one of the recruits from Georgetown, by the name of Charles Smith. He was soon after committed to Orangeburgh jail by a magistrate of this district. I have not heard what success the officers recruiting have had lately. Lieuts. Martin and Langford wrote Gen. Huger, about a fortnight ago, that they then had enlisted eight men for the South Carolina line, four of whom are in camp, the rest on furlough. Capts. T. Warley and Levercher have, also, sent from Georgetown nine recruits, and two other soldiers.I am, with the greatest respect, dear General,

Your most obedient humble servant,


(From Documentary History of the American Revolution, by Gibbes, Volume 2, p. 206)

Doc ID: Gibbes, v. 2, p. 206
Date: 8/11/1782

Sunday, November 25, 2007

Benjamin Lankford of Pittsylvania County Virginia

Dated 22 September 1767
Pittsylvania County, VA, Deed Book 1, pages 54-55

This Indenture made the Twenty Second day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty seven Between Benjamin Lankford and Winifred his Wife of the County of Pittsylvania of the one part and James Clements of the County aforesaid of the other part Witnesseth that the said Benjamin Lankford and Winifred his Wife for and in Consideration of the sum of Thirty pounds Current Money of Virginia to them in hand Paid by the said James Clements the Receipt whereof they the said Benjamin Lankford and Winifred his Wife do hereby acknowledge and themselves therewith fully Satisfied Contented and paid have Given granted Bargained and sold and by these Presents do ive grant bargain Sell deliver and Confirm to him the said James Clement and to his Heirs Executors Administrators and Assigns forever One Certain Tract or parcell of Land Containing One hundred and thirty six acres lying on Potters Creek in Pittsylvania County and Bounded as Followeth to Witt, Beginning at Pointers in Braidings line thence along his line south Seventy six degrees East thirty six poles to a white Oak North Twelve degrees East Forty eight poles crossing the creek to a red Oak thence new lines North Eighty degrees East nine poles to a white Oak thence North Twenty five and a half degrees East one hundred and eight Poles to a white Oak thence South Sixty seven degrees East two hundred poles Crossing the Creek to a White Oak North Thirty two degrees West forty eight poles to a pine thence North thirteen degrees East thirty Six Poles crossing two Branches to the Beginning Together with all houses out houses orchards Gardens Woods and Underwoods Water and Watercourses and all other appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any way appertaining To have and to hold the said Land and Appurtenances unto the said James Clements and unto his heirs and Assigns forever and the said Benjamin Lankford and Winifred his Wife doth further -?- James Clement and agree to and with the said James Clements his heirs that they the said Benjamin Lankford and Winifred his Wife and their heirs do Covenant and agree to and with the said James Clements and his heirs that the aforementioned Land and Premises against all Persons Whatsoever shall and will Warrant and forever by these Presents Defend In Witness whereof the said Benjamin Lankford & Winifred his Wife hath hereunto set their hands and Seals the day and year above Written Signed Sealed and Delivered in Presents of Ben Lankford S S
Benjamin Clement Benjamin Clement Jun. Winifred Lankford, his wife Thomas T Roberson

That on the day and year within Mentioned full Peaceable and Quiet Possession and Livery of Seizen of the within Mentioned Land was by the within Named Benjamin Lankford ; Winifred his Wife given and delivered unto the Within named James Clements and his heirs according to the present true Intent and Meaning of these within written Indenture
Ben Lankford Winifred Lankford Rec.d Sept 22 1767 of James Clements Thirty Pounds Current Money it being the Consideration Money within Mentioned to be paid to me.
Benj.a Clement, Benjamin Clement Ben Lankford At a Court held for Pittsylvania County on the 25th Day of September 1767
This Indenture together with the Memorandum; Livery and Seizen and Reciept herein Indorsed was acknowledged by Benjamin Lankford Party thereto and ordered to be Recorded By the Court

Teste Will Tunstall Cl.P. Court

Friday, November 23, 2007



Dobson, David, Scottish Emigration to Colonial America, 1607-1785 (Athens, Georgia, University of Georgia Press, 1994, 2004) endnotes, bibliography, index. Overview of Scottish migrations to Canada, America, and West Indies. Good jumping off place for further Scottish research.

Langguth, A. J., Union 1812: the Americans who fought the Second War of Independence, (New York, Simon & Schuster, 2006) endnotes, bibliography, index and maps and photos. This book proves that study of history can be enjoyable. Now if only the students in schools across the nation could have an opportunity to study history in a manner such as presented by Mr. Langguth. Besides the usual dates, places and names, Mr Langguth has managed to fill the pages with quotes and bons mots and other thoughtful statements by the players in American history. The political in-fighting and social climate are a teasers and will lead the reader to further materials.

Ramsey, Robert w., Carolina Cradle: Settlement of the Northwest Carolina Frontier 1747-1762 (Chapel Hill, North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press, 1964) ISBN 0-8078-0934-9 and ISBN 0-8078-4189-7 (paperback)
Every index (but be watchful for those missed in the generous Footnotes), Maps, Appendices, Tables, Bibliography
Comment: Absolutely a Must Read for those whose families are of Scot/Irish or German ancestry. My copy is highlighted and used to identify families who resided in Pennsylvania and migrated to Virginia frontier and thence to North Carolina where they sunk deep roots. If your family migrated south or west, you will want to read this book. Mr. Ramsey includes information on families such as occupations, marriages and identifies the land on which they settled or the church they attended. Much more, plus historical events.
I cannot praise this book enough. It is a 5-star work. My ancestors are not included in this work so this is an objective commentary.

Brands, H.W., Andrew Jackson, His Life and Times (New York, Doubleday, 2005)
ISBN 0-385-50738-9
Source Notes, Annotated Bibliography, Indexed
Comment: Very readable. Good outline of the events between the end of the American Revolutionary War through the acquisition of Texas. War of 1812, Indian Removal, Seminole Indian War, Life on frontier and settlement of the southwest. Profiles the politicians and other players in the state and federal government and fight to save the Union from British interest in regaining the United States and/or territories west of the Mississippi River. Slave issues, industry vs. agriculture interests, Bank of America and its effect on farmers and the national economy.

Horn, James, Adapting to a New World: English Society in the Seventeenth-Century Chesapeake: Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1994)
Published for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia. This work covers a 100-year period from 1609 to 1710 in the Chesapeake and background history in 16th Century England. Contains many tables, charts, maps, index of names, subjects and places, and citations to documents in Virginia and England.
Comments: The book's footnote bibliography is cumbersome and if republished needs a separate bibliography. One needs to use highlighter and post-its to get back to book titles of interest for further reading. A must-read for genealogists wanting to understand the first settlers and their daily lives in Virginia and Maryland.

Rappleye, Charles, Sons of Providence: The Brown Brothers, The Slave Trade and The American Revolution, (New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 2006) ISBN-13:978-0-7432-6687-1

One family's rise to prominence in Rhode Island, brothers divided by ideology: slave trade vs antislavery movement. Quaker, Moses Brown 1738-1836 and trader, John Brown 1736-1803.
A bird's eyeview of the period prior to, during and after the American Revolutionary War.

Labunski, Richard, James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights, (New York, NY: Oxford University Press,2006) ISBN-13-978-0-19-518105-0
David Hackett Fischer, Series Editor Pivotal Moments in American History.

Gaines, James R., For Liberty and Glory: Washington, LaFayette, and Their Revolutions. (New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, 2007) ISBN-978-0-393-06138-4
I suggest a reading of Rappleye's Sons of Providence noted above for beginning American Revolutionary War students before reading Mr. Gaines' work in that references to problems facing Washington are made without documentation and leaves new readers questioning his statements. His treatment of Washington portrays a man fraught with problems, tasks and duties which would have crushed most men. This book does reveal the harshness of war and creating a nation with self-serving parties under-cutting the work through greed and lust for power.

O'Kelley, Patrick, Nothing But Blood and Slaughter, 4 volumes on Revolutionary War in Carolinas (Blue House Tavern Press, 2004) ISBN 1-59113-458-7,Inc.
My comments: Has excellent Notes with source materials; use of battle formations will assist researchers studying a particular battle and the units involved.

McCullough, David, 1776, (Simon & Schuster, 2005) ISBN-13:978-0-7432-2671-4; indexed with source notes and bibliography. Font is easy on elder-eyes.
My comments: Reads like a fast-paced thriller and hard to put down. Covers one year, 1776, and Washington's army in battles of Boston, Brooklyn, New York and Trenton. Maps and portraits of main characters included. Much of the material is from letters of men who served as soldiers which makes this book all the more insightful of the conditions of 1776 and that of the soldiers who suffered mightily.
At was not a Very Good Year.


Mills, Elizabeth Shown, Evidence! Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997) ISBN 0-8063-1543-1
A Must-Have for all genealogists and family researchers and writers.

Mills, Elizabeth Shown, Evidence Explained, Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2007)
ISBN 13:978-0-8063-1781-6

Mills, Elizabeth Shown, Professional Genealogy, A Manual for Researchers, Writers, Editors, Lecturers and Librarians (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2001) ISBN 0-8063-1648-9

Doran, Michael F., Atlas of County Boundary Changes in Virginia, 1634-1895 (Athens, GA: Iberian Publishing Company, 1987) ISBN 0-935931-30-9; phone 1-706-546-6470 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 1-706-546-6470 end_of_the_skype_highlighting begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 1-706-546-6470 end_of_the_skype_highlighting begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 1-706-546-6470 end_of_the_skype_highlighting begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 1-706-546-6470 end_of_the_skype_highlighting, New Papyrus Company, Athens GA (2003 9th printing)
This atlas is sure to be used frequently by southern researchers following their ancestors from county to county as new lines were drawn.

Saturday, November 10, 2007

Halifax County Virginia Documents

Halifax County Order Book 2, Part 1
June, 1757 Court
On the motion of Hugh Moore,Gent. Halifax Sheriff, Benjamin Lankford and Theophilus Lacy took the usual oaths of an Under Sheriff.

November 18, 1757 Court
To Ben Lankford for46 Insolvents.... 2726 Lbs. Tobacco.

Halifax County, Virginia Deeds

17 Oct 1758 Halifax Co. VA, DB 1, p. 528: Luke Smith of Provence of North Carolina to James Farris of Halifax Co., Antrim Parish, for L4, 100 acres bordering Anderson, branch of Allens Creek, end of Rocky Hill, Luke Smith. Signed: Luke Smith, Judah X Smith. Wit: B. Lankford, John Hearness, Joseph X Farris. Rec. 17 Oct. 1758. *

18 Oct 1758 Halifax Co. VA, DB 2, p. 34: Luke Smith of Provence of North Carolina to Joseph Farris of Halifax Co., VA, Antrim Parish, for L50, 632 acres, bordering east branch of Allens Creek to foot of Mountain. Signed: Luke Smith, Judah X Smith. Wit: Benjamin Lankford, John Hearness, James X Farris. Rec. 17 May 1759. *

Halifax County Deed Book 17
William Lankford from William Whitehead Sr. for 20 pounds, 40 acres on north side of Reedy Branch. 16 August 1794.

Halifax County Orders 1764-1766
June Court 1765
George Deatheridge,Plt. vs Peter Bowman, Deft. In Case. Benjamin Lankford of Halifax become special bail for Deft.

Halifax County Orders 1764-1766
August Court, 1765
Philip & George Deatheridge, Plts. vs. Peter Bowman, Deft. In [Case]. Benjamin Lankford of Halifax become special bail for the Deft. And thereupon the said Benjamin Lankford immediately delivered the said Deft.up, in discharge of his recognizance, and the Plt., by his attorney, rays him committed, etc.

Wednesday, August 29, 2007

Carol Langford Totten Obit of California July 2007

Carol L. Totten

January 17, 1916 - July 28, 2007
CAROL LOUISE TOTTEN passed away early on July 28th in La Selva Beach, CA and will be dearly missed by her loving family. Carol was born on July 1`st, 1916 in San Francisco, CA. She lived in Panoche Valley until age 4 and then lived in Hollister, CA. She graduated from San Benito Junior College in 1935. She married the love of her life, Frank Leon Totten and raised her family of three children first in Aromas and then in Watsonville. Carol was a homemaker, a gardener and a wonderful seamstress. She loved caring for her grandchildren and great-grandchildren. She belonged to the First United Methodist Church of Watsonville. She was a member of the church Women's Circle and Sewing Group. She is predeceased by her husband, Frank Leon Totten, parents Clara and Lloyd Langford, brothers, Leland Langford, and Broderick Langford. She is survived by her daughter, Janis Totten Rice and husband Kent of Santa Cruz; Philip Leon Totten and wife Sandy of Raton, New Mexico; and Jerry Stephen Totten and his wife Linda of Dunsmuir. Also survived by 9 grandchildren and 13 great grandchildren which she delighted in being with, and a special brother and sister in law, Clarence and Merna Totten of Watsonville and many nieces and nephews
No services are planned. Her cremated remains will be scattered in Panoche Valley at a family gathering. Donations can be made to the First United Methodist Church, 229 Stanford St., Watsonville, CA 95076 or the Hospice Caring Project of Santa Cruz County, 940 Disc Dr., Scotts Valley, CA 95066. Davis Memorial Chapel of Watsonville is in charge of arrangements.

Services provided by: Davis Memorial Chapel

Thursday, August 23, 2007

LANKFORD/LANGFORD in Virginia and Massachusetts

Magazine of Virgina Genealogy, Vol. 35, No. 2, page 120

Lankford, Elizabeth, life estate land from will of Hiram Lankford, 1814
Lankford, Hiram, life estate, part of Hiram Lankford deceased land, also
received land from Elizabeth Minor decd. also part of Hiram Lankford
decd. land 1816
Lankford, Hiram of North Carolina, land from a part of Hiram Lankford
decd land, 1816
Lankford, William of Massachusetts, land from Hiram Lankford decd land, 1816

Gloucester County Virginia
War of 1812 Payroll
Capt. Horatio G. Harwood's Company
21st Regiment, Virginia Militia commanded by Col. Camp from 27 April to
13 September 1814
Hiram Langford, Private, Time of Service: 21 days
Capt. Matthew Gibbs Company
21st Regiment, Virginia Militia commanded by Lt. Col. William Jones from
22 September 1814 to 26 December 1814
Hiram Langford, Private, Time of Service: 1 year 8 days

1810 Gloucester County Virginia Federal Census, Page 407 (stamped)
Isabella Lankford
Hiram Lankford
Eliza Lankford

1850 Plymouth County, Plymouth, Massachusetts Federal Census, Page 159 (stamped)
603/054 William Langford, 64, Farmer, b. Virginia
Betsey, 63, b. Mass.
Mary Ann, 27 b. Mass
John Lankford 27, Carpenter, b. Mass
Celestine, 23, b. Mass
Catherine, 2, b. Mass

1860 Plymouth County, Plymouth, Massachusetts Federal Census, page 120
846/1070 Betsey Langford,73
Mary L. Nickerson, 4
William Langford, 40, Mariner
Mary B. Langford, 41
Ebenezer Nickerson, 32, Mariner
847/1071 John Langford, 37, House Carpenter
Celia S., 31
Katie, 11
Celia S. 8
-?_ E., 4 (first name is written poorly)

William Langford b. Virginia about 1786 married 1807 Betsey Morton

Charles M. Lankford of SC Obit

Charles M. Lankford


Charles Maurice
Lankford, 81, of 502 West Cliffe Way, died Monday, March 14, 2005.

Born in Greenville County, he was a son of the late Charles Grayson and Laura Miller

Lankford retired from Saco Lowell, and was a member of Westminister Presbyterian Church. He was also a U.S. Navy veteran.

Surviving are his wife of 59 years, Dorothy Bates
Lankford of the home; two sons, Rick M. Lankford and wife, Debbie, of Greenville, and Mark Lankford and wife, Lynn Pitts, of Greenville; three sisters-in-law, Mary Lankford of Greenwood, Amalee Bruce of Florida, and Stella Lankford of Greenville; two grandsons, Grant and Chaz Lankford; a granddaughter, Casey Raines; and a great-granddaughter.

Services will be held today at 3 p.m. at Aldersgate United Methodist Church, with visitation from 1:30 to 2:45 p.m. prior, at the church. Burial will be in Woodlawn Memorial Park.

Memorials may be made to Aldersgate United Methodist Church, 7 Shannon Drive, Greenville, SC 29615; or to the charity of one's choice.

The family is at their respective homes.

Thomas McAfee Funeral Home, Downtown.

Published in The Greenville News: 03-16-2005

Tuesday, July 24, 2007

American States Papers and Congressional Reports

As a result of the above act (and the subsequent joint resolution of March 2, 1833 and
act of June 12, 1858), between 1832 and 1861, Gales & Seaton published 38 volumes.
The volumes contain documents covering the years 1789–1838, although not every
class has documents from the entire period. The collection is titled the American
State Papers
and is organized into the following 10 classes or series:
  1. Foreign Relations
  2. Indian Affairs
  3. Finances
  4. Commerce and Navigation
  5. Military Affairs
  6. Naval Affairs
  7. Post Office Department
  8. Public Lands
  9. Claims
  10. Miscellaneous

While every class can be a valuable resource for genealogists, this article focuses
on Class VIII (Public Lands) and Class IX (Claims). The tens of thousands of claims
contained in these two classes can provide genealogical information, such as ages of claimants, locations of claims, places of residence, names of spouses, children and other relatives as well as record of the claimants' military service.

Class VIII. Public Lands (1789–1837)

The public domain (public land) is land owned by the federal government that is subject to sale or transfer of ownership under laws passed by Congress. It includes western lands that the original states ceded to the United States as well as acquisitions from foreign governments. Congress was therefore initially responsible for many matters relating to the settlement of land in the public domain. The eight volumes of the Public Lands Class record thousands of diverse land claims and transactions regarding public domain, including military bounty lands, preemption rights, claims by refugees, agreements with Indian Nations, and the settlement of private land claims on public domain that the United States acquired from foreign governments.

Public land states are states that the federal government formed from the public domain. The Public Lands Class deals directly with land claims in these public land states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

The original 13 states and Hawaii, Kentucky, Maine, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, and West Virginia have no public domain. However, several of these states ceded land to Congress for the benefit of the United States. This land then became part of the public domain. The Public Lands Class contains information on these states or their cessions to the United States: Georgia, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, and Virginia.

To successfully claim land located within the public domain, one had to prove right to the land as recognized under public land laws. This meant that the claimant often had to produce evidence or at least explain the basis for the claim. One type of land claim, private land claims on public domain that the United States acquired from foreign governments, often offers researchers a unique opportunity to gain detailed information on the claimants and their families. The British, French, and Spanish governments granted a great deal of land within their American holdings to the inhabitants prior to the acquisition of the territories by the United States. After taking control of the land, the U.S. Government had to validate the titles originally granted by foreign authorities before the claimant could have legal possession of the land.

Although some claims offer little more than name of claimant and location of claim, others, such as Thomas Bassett's claims for two properties along the Tombigbee River in the Mississippi Territory (present-day Alabama), contain detailed information on the claimant and his family. In 1804 Bassett petitioned the "Commissioners appointed in pursuance of the act of Congress, passed the third day of March, 1803, for receiving and adjusting the claims to lands south of Tennessee and east of Pearl river" for rights to these two properties that his family had previously owned under British and Spanish grants. As with many land claims presented before boards of commissioners or other federal agencies, the board forwarded the records to Congress. To prove his case, Bassett submitted notarized depositions, translations of Spanish petitions and titles, surveys, and other documents, which supply information on his family dating back to 1780. This documentation accompanying these two claims builds an interesting portrait of the Bassett family.

Thomas Bassett's claim The entry for Bassett's claim in the American State Papers led to land plats in records of the General Land Office. (Records of the Bureau of Land Management, RG 49) [full image]

In 1780 the Bassett family received from the British Government of West Florida grants for two properties. Indians killed Thomas Bassett, the father of the family, on or near his land in 1781. He was about 37 years old. His wife, Lucy, and two sons, Nathaniel and Thomas, survived. The region came under Spanish control in 1783 as a result of Spain's support for the United States during the American Revolution. In June 1787, the Spanish governor of the territory, Don Stephen Miro, signed and confirmed property and rights to Nathaniel Bassett, son of the late Thomas Bassett. Thomas Bassett, son of the late Thomas Bassett and Nathaniel's brother, was approximately 21 years old in 1787.

In 1788 the Bassett family went to New Orleans to manage business in the area. In their absence, the Bassett family allowed a William Powell to live on a section of their land. Lucy Bassett then suffered a series of accidents. The government seized her property, including the Bassetts' titles to their land, and placed the titles into the public deposit in New Orleans. A fire there in 1794 destroyed the original British and Spanish titles to the two properties.

On July 7, 1800, Nathaniel Bassett wrote to the Spanish government to confirm his title to the land, which had become part of the United States in 1798. By August 4, 1800, Spain had confirmed Nathaniel Bassett's petition. On March 19, 1804, Thomas Bassett, acting as administrator for his late brother, Nathaniel, petitioned the U.S. Government for the rights to his family's lands. The Board of Commissioners confirmed the land to Thomas Bassett, stating that each claim was "supported agreeably to the requirements of the law." Such detail and quantity of family information depicts the true value of the American State Papers to researchers interested in family and social history of the early American period.

Congress also was responsible for the relief of veterans of the Revolutionary War and War of 1812 and passed many acts relating to bounty land, pensions, and other assistance to the soldiers and their families. Congress passed several public acts regulating veterans' claims that established common eligibility requirements and delegated to the secretary of war the responsibility for administering the provisions.

Many veterans and their heirs, however, brought their claims directly to Congress for adjudication, and Congress passed private acts to reward these individuals. Bounty land claims within the Public Lands volumes can supply information about the claimants' military service and subsequent lives. For many veterans of these two wars, the bounty land claims supplement the compiled military service records and pension bounty land files available at the National Archives.

As Abraham Forbes's bounty land claim shows, the American State Papers can be especially valuable in locating information relating to the military service and bounty land records of veterans who do not appear in War Department files. Abraham Forbes does not have a compiled military service record, pension application, or bounty land application at the National Archives, and he is not listed on the army register of enlistments. However, a report from the House of Representatives Committee on Private Land Claims in the American State Papers reveals:

That said Forbes was a citizen of the United States, and removed to Upper Canada prior to the last war; that he joined the troops of the United States, and was employed as a spy, and had the entire confidence of the officers of the United States, and performed many valuable and important services to the United States in that character; that he had been promised a handsome remuneration by Col. Christie, whose premature death perhaps, prevented any communication to the government in behalf of said Forbes; that he acted with the United States troops until the close of the war, and was honorably discharged. . . .

In recognition of these services, Congress ultimately passed a bill granting Forbes 320 acres of land.

After locating a claim in the American State Papers, the researcher can also contact the Center for Legislative Archives at the National Archives for assistance in finding more information on the claim in congressional records. For many of the claims that appear in the American State Papers, there is an original petition and supporting documentation in House and Senate committee files. To contact the Center, write to Center for Legislative Archives, National Archives and Records Administration, 700 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20408-0001 (telephone 202-357-5350).

Class IX. Claims (1789–1823)

Congress derives its authority for settling claims against the United States from the first clause of Article 1, section 8, of the Constitution:

The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States.

This duty to pay the debts of the United States led Congress to assume many responsibilities in settling or overseeing the adjudication of claims against the United States. The single volume of the Claims class contains a wide array of non–land-related claims from 1789 to 1823, including pensions, property destroyed by the enemy, relief of army contractors, militia claims, compensation for wages, and numerous other unique situations. The assortment of claims in this volume offers researchers a rare glimpse into the daily lives of Americans living at that time.

Congress authorized the Treasury Department to settle many types of claims against the U.S. Government. If the Treasury Department rejected a claim, the claimant's only recourse was to appeal directly to Congress. One example of congressional oversight of the adjudication of claims by the Treasury Department, titled "Claims Barred by the Statutes of Limitations," appears in the Claims volume. On December 13, 1810, the secretary of the treasury sent to the Senate a list of all the claims for which the Treasury Department had adjusted, allowed, and issued certificates of registered debt under an act of March 27, 1792. The act was responsible for "providing for the settlement of the claims of persons under particular circumstances barred by the limitations heretofore established." The list contains the names of almost 1,500 Revolutionary War servicemen along with the date of certificate, statement number, explanation of service, date on which interest commenced, and amount of money issued for each individual.

The Claims volume of the American State Papers proves particularly valuable in the case of pre-1800 Revolutionary War pensions. A fire in the War Department on November 8, 1800, destroyed all Revolutionary War pension and bounty land applications that had been submitted up to that date. Much information on these applicants would have been lost were it not for several War Department reports based on original applications that the secretary of war sent to Congress between 1792 and 1795. The lists for 1792, 1794, and 1795 are printed in the Claims volume and contain name, rank, disability, date and location where disabled, residence, pension entitlement, and other remarks.

Take, for example, Thomas Toms, a private in Capt. George Maxwell's company of militia. There is no compiled military service record for Toms at the National Archives, and most of the information regarding him in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files (National Archives Microfilm Publication M804) comes directly from the American State Papers.

Pension claim entry for Thomas Toms
An entry for Thomas Toms appears on the 1794 list of Invalid Pension Claims for Virginia. (American State Papers) [full image]

His entry on the 1794 list of invalid pensioners for Virginia in the Claims volume states that he lived in Albemarle County, Virginia. He was wounded in 1780 at King's Mountain and claimed a pension relating to the following disability:

Severely wounded on the head, being scalped on the left temple with a stroke from a hatchet, which does much injury to that eye; is also disabled in two fingers on the left hand, and wounded in the right hip and neck; all which he received in the service of the United States, against Major Ferguson, on King's mountain.

The examining physician gave no recommendation for pension entitlement.

Locating and Using the Records

The value of the American State Papers in conducting genealogical research is enhanced by the availability of the records and their ease of use. Although each volume of the American State Papers contains an index, their fragmentary nature has led to the creation of more comprehensive indexes.

In 1972 Phillip W. McMullin created a complete name index to the nine volumes comprising Class VIII (Public Lands) and Class IX (Claims) titled Grassroots of America; A Computerized Index to the American State Papers: Land Grants and Claims 1789–1837 with Other Aids to Research (Salt Lake City: Gendex Corporation, 1972). By listing all the volume and page references for each name entry, the index allows researchers to locate individuals or families throughout the volumes.

The Congressional Information Service (CIS) U.S. Serial Set Index, 1789–1969 (Bethesda, MD: Congressional Information Service, 1975–) also indexes the American State Papers. Although the CIS index is not as comprehensive as Grassroots of America for individual names, it can lead to information in the other classes of the American State Papers or the U.S. Serial Set that is not contained in Classes VIII and IX.

The Library of Congress American Memory web site offers a full-text collection of the American State Papers online at, and the table of contents and index for each of the volumes are searchable. Volumes 1–3 of the Public Lands Class that appear on the web site were printed by Duff Green, and the page numbers may not correspond with the Gales & Seaton version.

The thousands of claims in the Public Lands and Claims classes of the American State Papers, complemented by the above-mentioned indexes, provide researchers with a rich resource for locating information on individuals living in America from 1789 to 1837. The American State Papers, Grassroots of America, and the CIS Congressional Masterfile 1, 1789–1969, a CD-ROM containing the CIS U.S. Serial Set Index, are available in the Archives Library Information Center (ALIC) at the National Archives Buildings in Washington D.C., and College Park, Maryland. The American State Papers, various reprints, and other related books are available at libraries around the country.

For more information on researching claims at the National Archives, consult Anne Bruner Eales and Robert M. Kvasnicka, eds., Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3rd ed. (Washington: National Archives and Records Administration, 2000). Chapter 15, Land Records, covers various topics relating to land claims and grants on public domain of the United States. Chapter 16, Claim Records, provides detailed information on researching claims against the U.S. Government at the National Archives.

Chris Naylor is an archives technician in the Research Support Branch of the National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C. He earned B.A. degrees in history and German from the University of Maryland, College Park.

Generously Contributed by Rose Cranston

Sunday, July 01, 2007

Glouster County Virginia

GLOUCESTER COUNTY, VA - DEEDS - William Hampton, 25 Mar 1651

Patent Book No. 2
Page 311
William Hampton

To all etc. whoever etc Now Know yee that I the said
Sr. Wm. Berkeley etc. give and grant unto William Hampton
seven hundred acres of land lyeing on the East side of the
Eastern most river in Mockjack Bay begining on the South side
of a Creeke at a marked tree and running East by North three
hundred and twenty poles South by East three hundred and
fifty poles west by South three hundred and twenty poles
and North by west three hundred and fifty poles to the river
by the aforesaid Marked tree, the said Land being due unto the
said William Hampton by and for the transportation of fourteen
persons into the Colony etc. to have and to hold etc. which
payment if to be Made Seven years after the first grant or
Sealing thereof and not before etc. Dated the 25th
of March 1651

Thomas Smith Jeremy Edes Wm. Galoman John Wattkins
Richard Cary Philad: Hampton Wm Davis
Hugh Bromly John Ash Lymon Vaughan Ailce Walker
Wm. Bozeman John Langford Wm. Bozeman

Submitter Note: The above is translated from the early script
of the Colony of Virginia and spelling is retained as in the
original document.

Copyright 2004 by Poldi J. Tonin

Saturday, June 30, 2007

Davie County North Carolina

Map of Land Grants in Davie County, North Carolina
Date of access to this map was 16 January 2003

Entry of land plat for John Lankford dated 1790

Land is situated southeast of Mocksville, the county seat and between two large creeks. These may be Rockie Creek and Peelers Creek. Print is very light and hard for me to read.

Davie County formed in 1836 from Rowan County is bordered by Rowan, Iredell, Yadkin, Forsyth and Davidson counties. For earlier documents search Rowan County records.

Warren County North Carolina Deeds

Warren County Deed Books
Volume 11, 1790-1791 page 72,
August 24, 1786: George Langford to William Bartlett; 37 acres recorded 3 December 1790. Samuel (x) Bartlett, witness.

Volume 13, 1792-1796, page 319
George Langford to Samuel Bartlett, for 46 pounds, 46 acres on William and Samuel Bartlett's lines to John Clark's to Smith's Creek, Recorded 1 February 1796.

Bath County North Carolina

William L. Saunders, Secretary of State, collector and editor, Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. II 1713 - 1728, published 1886, 547 - 548

Case against Mary Cotton, spinster, on 20th day of November 1723, in Bath Town in County of Bath in province of North Carolina, found guilty of petty larceny of goods the property of Roger Kenyon. On the Petition of Elizabeth Langford, Eleanor Clarke, Edward Harrington and Martha Morris for attendance and as evidences for the King it is order that Mary Cotton pay for three days attendance at half of crown per day for four days for travelling at 20 pence per day and 10 shilling ferrying each in all 24 shilling and 2 pence each.

Monday, June 18, 2007

War of 1812 Records at National Archives

Winter 1991, Vol. 23, No. 4

Genealogical Records of the War of 1812
By Stuart L. Butler

National Archives records created during and after the War of 1812 offer the genealogist a diverse and fertile ground in which to obtain invaluable family information.1 These records were created by a variety of government agencies to include various bureaus and offices of the War of 1812, Interior, and State departments in response to specific federal laws. Most Department, particularly those generated by the Adjutant General's Office (Record Group 94). The records are now serviced by the General Reference Branch and the Military Reference Branch of the Textual Reference Division. Unlike many records of genealogical value from the Revolutionary - era records in the National Archives having genealogical value were created by the War War era, similar records for the War of 1812 period have not been microfilmed and are not available through interlibrary loan. The notable exceptions are a number of name indexes for the compiled military service records and pension application files.2

Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files

Perhaps the most genealogically rich records for this period are the pension application files in the records of the Veterans Administration (Record Group 15). There are two primary series of pension application files that relate to War of 1812 veterans. The first series ("Old Wars") consists of pensions to veterans of the army, navy, and Marine Corps based on service resulting in death or disability from the end of the Revolutionary War period up to the Civil War. The files include not only information about the veteran's service but also are likely to contain family information such as children's names and data about the widow's maiden name and marriage. The records are arranged alphabetically by veteran and can be accessed by using the name index that has been microfilmed as Old War Index to Pension Files (T316, 7 rolls). The index also indicates the veteran's name, unit, and state from which the claim was made, and type of claimant, whether widow, child, or other heir. Related records (YI), also arranged alphabetically, pertain to navy and Marine Corps veterans.

Pension application files for most War of 1812 veterans, however, will be found in the second series of pension files, i.e., those based on the acts of 1871 and 1878. These acts, based on length of service alone, relate mostly to militia veterans called to federal service. The 1871 act provided pensions to veterans who had served at least sixty days or to their widows if they had married before 1815. The 1878 act provided pensions to those veterans, or their widows, who only served fourteen days. By the time these acts were passed, most applicants were widows or minors rather than veterans themselves. A typical file usually contains the soldier's or widow's application file, a statement of service usually provided by the Pension Bureau, and other papers prepared by the Third Auditor's Office. Of the two, the widow's or minor's application is potentially the richest in genealogical information. This is because the widow had to provide proof of marriage, including the date or place of marriage, and usually the maiden name. Important data about marriages before 1815 found in some of the files may not be available anywhere else. Interfiled among these pensions in some cases are some bounty land application files. While the pension files are not on microfilm, an informative index showing much data has been microfilmed as Index to War of 1812 Pension Application Files (M313, 102 rolls). Supplementing the index is a remarried widow's card index, which covers the period 1816 - 1860. The alphabetically arranged index cards show the new remarried name of the veteran's widow and the former veteran's name.

Although the process is somewhat involved, it is sometimes possible for a researcher to determine when a pension payment was last paid to a veteran or his heir. Among Veterans Administration records are the field record books (1805 - 1912), which can be used to determine when pension payments were made and when they stopped. To extract such information, one must know under which act a veteran was entitled to receive a pension and the city where the agency was located paying the pensioner. The search can be time-consuming, but information indicating the pensioner's date and place of death could be the reward.

War of 1812 veterans, and later their widows and heirs, could also apply for bounty land under the act of May 6, 1812, and a variety of subsequent federal laws. Most veterans were entitled to 160 acres, but in a few cases some received 320 acres, called double-bounties. Until 1842, the land lay within the states of Illinois, Arkansas, and Missouri, and until 1852 the land was not transferable. A typical bounty land application warrant file contains the veteran's name, age, unit, residence, period of service, and if applicable, the widow's (or heir's) name, age, and place of residence. Applications for bounty land claimed under different legislative acts will be filed under a single veteran's name. In many cases, bounty application files from regular army, navy, and Marine Corps veterans consist only of a discharge certificate. These files are arranged alphabetically by name of veteran, but they are unindexed. Researchers of these files should search the pension files in addition to searching the more numerous bounty land files. Less informative are the actual bounty land warrants, which were not issued to the veteran or his heirs. They do show, however, where the land to which the veteran was entitled was located and the date and name of the person to whom the land was given. Since many veterans sold their rights to bounty land to other persons, their names do not appear on many of the warrants. The warrants have been filmed on War of 1812 Military Bounty Land Warrants, 1815 - 1858 (M848, 14 rolls).3

Military Service Records

The National Archives has some kind of military service record for most soldiers who served during the War of 1812. Genealogical information found in these records varies greatly depending on the type of service rendered. Naval service for enlisted men is more difficult to establish, especially when the soldier was an enlisted man. Establishing service for a Marine Corps soldier is somewhat easier.

Compiled Military Service Records. The great majority of soldiers who served during the War of 1812 were volunteers, or members of state militia who were federalized for portions of the war period. There were also volunteer units directly raised by the federal government. The service records of these soldiers consist of compiled military service records or those records of service that were compiled from the original muster and pay rolls by the clerks in the Adjutant General's Office after the war (Records of the Adjutant General's Office, Record Group 94). The records are arranged by state or federal volunteer unit and thereunder alphabetically by name of soldier. A microfilmed index to these records is available on Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served During the War of 1812 (M602, 234 rolls). The actual service records have not been filmed. The service records show the soldier's name, rank, regimental unit (usually showing the last name of the regimental commander), the company commander's name, dates of service and pay, whether the soldier was a substitute, date of discharge, and sometimes, distance to the soldier's home from place of discharge. Other information such as date of death, if applicable, and periods of sickness, if recorded on the muster rolls, is noted. The service record reflects the information found on the original muster and payrolls; all information from these original rolls has been transferred to the compiled service record, so there is no need to examine the original rolls to obtain additional information. Because so many volunteers served only a few days or weeks, the information available is frequently meager. These records will not ordinarily show place of birth, age, or parents' names. They may show, however, disciplinary action resulting in dismissal or court-martial, if such information was noted on the muster roll. Compiled service records for officers show much the same information but usually include original vouchers and receipts for supply, pay, and transportation. Some of these papers may enable a researcher to determine where a unit served during the war.4

Regular Army Enlistment Registers and Papers. If a soldier's name does not appear in the index for volunteer soldiers, he might have served in the regular army. If the soldier served as an officer in the U.S. Army during this period, his name should be in Francis B. Heitman's Historical Register and Dictionary of the U.S. Army (1903). There are no consolidated "service records" for officers before 1863. Aside from entries in Heitman, one can examine the correspondence of the Adjutant General's Office for pertinent documentation relating to these officers. Most of the names of regular army soldiers who served during the War of 1812 appear in the fifteen volumes of enlistment registers that show the names of soldiers enlisting for the period 1798 - 1815. Despite the dates indicated, most of the names in these registers are for those who enlisted during the War of 1812 period. The names are arranged alphabetically by the initial letter of surname, and thereunder alphabetically by given name, e.g., the name of Aaron Atkins would come before George Abbott, regardless of when each enlisted. The registers are somewhat more useful to the genealogist than the information provided on the compiled service record because they can show the age, place of birth (either city, county, or state), physical description (to include height), occupation, place and date of enlistment. The registers also indicate when, where, and under what circumstances the soldier was discharged. These registers were compiled in the late nineteenth century by the Adjutant General and are based on a variety of original records such as muster and payrolls, inspection and descriptive rolls, and other miscellaneous records in the Adjutant General's Office. As with the compiled service records, the information on these original records was transferred to the register, so no additional information is available from exarraning the original records. Fortunately for the researcher, these registers have been microfilmed on Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798 - 1914 (M233, 81 rolls). Another series of records, the enlistment papers, may also be useful. Unfortunately, the original enlistment papers for the War of 1812 period are fragmentary and incomplete. The papers are arranged alphabetically for the period 1798 - 1894. Much of the same information, however, can be found in the registers of enlistments.

Other Military Records. The Adjutant General's Office also includes several useful, but lesser known, series of records that may prove useful to the genealogist. The certificates of disability for the War of 1812 are documents signed by a surgeon attesting to the disability and discharge of regular army soldiers. Arranged by regiment and then by name, the certificates include information such as name, age, rank, unit, enlistment date, place of birth, and personal description. If no enlistment register entry exists for an individual, then this series might help. In addition to the large series of enlistment papers already discussed, a small series of enlistment papers and discharges also exists for the War of 1812 period. If no information is found in the larger series, then these papers should be examined. Often overlooked, but potentially useful, are Miscellaneous Manuscripts of the War of 1812 and its accompanying name index. The manuscripts contain a great variety of information about regulars, volunteers, and civilians. The records are arranged numerically and appear to be grouped by state and federal units. Among the records are vouchers, returns, receipts for supplies signed by officers in the field, and impressment of articles and services from civilians such as ferrymen, landlords, farmers, and seamstresses. The records appear to document mostly the activities of volunteer units and should be searched whenever the subject is a volunteer soldier, especially an officer. Records of the Adjutant General's Office also contain several small series of records relating to American POWs originally compiled by the Navy and Treasury departments. These are indexed and can be useful in determining if an American soldier was a POW in Canada. Records of the Judge Advocate General (Army) (Record Group 153) contain the proceedings of general courts-martial from the War of 1812 period for both volunteers and regulars. A card name index and a computerized name index give access to these records. The proceedings can provide an interesting and fascinating glimpse into army life.

Naval and Marine Corps Records

Records of naval officers' service are more numerous than those for enlisted personnel. The names of naval officers are printed in a useful work by R. W. Callahan, List of Officers of the Navy of the U.S. and the Marine Corps From 1775 to 1900 (1901). The basic National Archives record showing naval and Marine Corps officer service in the War of 1812 can be found in Abstracts Of Service Records of Naval Officers ("Records of Officers"), 1798 - 1893 (M330, 19 rolls, Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, Record Group 24). Of the fifteen volumes filrned in this series, volumes D and E show officers' records of service for the War of 1812. The entries are arranged chronologically and indicate the dates of acceptance, resignation, appointment, assignment, transfer, promotion, and ships on which the officer served. Other records containing additional information about navy and Marine Corps officers can be found in Records of the Naval Records Collection of the Office of Naval Records and Library (Record Group 45). There are several series of records for the War of 1812 period that show letters of resignation (three volumes), letters indicating receipt of commissions and enclosing oaths of allegiance "acceptances" (five volumes), and letters from midshipmen accepting commissions and enclosing oaths of allegiance (one volume). There are no such compiled summaries to show service for naval enlisted men for this period. If the ship on which a seaman served is known, the muster and payrolls for that vessel can be examined to determine the dates of enlistment and service. If the ship is not known, then the research becomes laborious because the muster and payrolls of all ships operating at that time must be searched, and the names on the rolls are not necessarily arranged alphabetically. The best sources, however, for ascertaining naval service are the pension and bounty land application files. If a seaman applied for one of these benefits, the ship's name and dates of service will be indicated on the application, making the search for pertinent muster rolls less time-consuming.

Records of the U.S. Marine Corps (Record Group 127) include comprehensive card indexes listing all officers and enlisted men who served before 1900. The information is slim, but they do show the dates of appointment and enlistment. There are, however, service records for enlisted Marine Corps personnel for the period 1798 - 1895. These papers are arranged by year of enlistment, thereunder by initial letter of surname, and consist of enlistment and other papers that might establish date of service, age, place of birth, and occupation. The size rolls (similar to muster rolls) for the period 1798 - 1906 supply much the same information as the army enlistment registers, but one must know the approximate date of service to use them. The record group also contains card indexes showing names of Marine Corps casualties for the War of 1812 period.

Other Naval Records. Record Group 45 also contains a large series of records relating to naval and other American prisoners of war captured and incarcerated by the British in England, Nova Scotia, or on cartel POW ships. The lists show the names, dates of capture, ship from which taken, and the location of the prisoner (Subject File, 1775 - 1910, series RA). Additional records relating to POWs are the registers of U.S. prisoners in Halifax, Barbados, and Jamaica, which consist of three volumes listing name, date, and place of capture; and a register of U.S. prisoners of war at Quebec that shows name, ship from which taken, place of birth, and date of discharge. An interesting series of records (Subject File, RN) shows the names of British aliens or other noncitizens reporting to U.S. marshals under federal law. These are apparently copies that were sent to the State Department and include such information as name of alien, residence, names of wife and children, place of birth, age, and occupation. Two other series of records in Record Group 45, a register of aliens in New York (1813) and a register of suspected aliens along the Atlantic Coast (1813), supplement the larger series.5 Records of the Judge Advocate General (Navy) (Record Group 125) may provide sources of information concerning naval or Marine Corps personnel summoned before courts of inquiry or other disciplinary courts-martial for this period. Name indexes as well as the proceedings of such courts can be found on Records of General Courts-Martial and Courts of Inquiry of the Navy Department, 1799 - 1867 (M273, 198 rolls).

Stuart L. Butler is a former assistant chief of the Old Military and Civil Branch of the National Archives and Records Admminstration. He received his M.A. from Florida Atlantic University.

1. There are several National Archives publications that researchers should examine before using some of the records described herein. These are: Using Records in the National Archives for Genealogical Research (General Information Leaflet [GIL] No. 5, 1990); Military Service Records in the National Archives of the United States (GIL No. 7, 1985); Information About the National Archives for Prospective Researchers (GIL No. 30, 1990); and Genealogical Records in the National Archives (rev. 1985). Many of the microfilm publications are available in the Regional Archives System throughout the United States. To identify the facility nearest you, see the list in the back of Prologue or refer to The Regional Archives System of the National Archives (GIL No. 22, 1991). Titles of microfilm publications containing relevant War of 1812 - era indexes and records can be found in National Archives Microfilm Resources for Research: A Comprehensive Catalog (1990) and, more specifically, Genealogical and Biographical Research: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications (1983) and Military Service Records: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications (1985).

2. A good genealogical overview of the period is George K. Schweitzer, War of 1812 Genealogy (1988). Recent historical works relating to the war in general are John K. Mahon, The War of 1812 (1972); J.C.A. Stagg, Mr. Madison's War: Politics, Diplomacy, and Warfare in the Early Republic, 1783 - 1830 (1983); and Donald R. Hickey, The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict (1989). In addition, many states have published rosters of their troops called to duty during the War of 1812. Many of these volumes are out of print, but they can be consulted in the appropriate state archives. The National Archives has some of these publications, but the best source is probably the Local History and Genealogy Room of the Library of Congress.

3. See Laws of the United States Governing the Granting of Army and Navy Pensions (1923).

4. Copies of compiled military service records can be obtained through the mail by completing NATF Form 86. Copies of pensions and bounty land warrant application files can be obtained using NATF Form 85. Each record must be requested on a separate form. Forms and information about other records can be obtained by contacting Old Military and Civil Records (NWCTB), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408.

5. Related State Department records are on "War of 1812 Papers" in the Department of State, 1789 - 1815 (M588, 7 rolls).

Thursday, May 17, 2007

Spotsylvania County Virginia Land Records 1746

Name: Nicholas Lankford
Date: 6 Sep 1746
LOCATION: Spotsylvania CO., VA
Property: 100 a. in St. Geo. Par. Spts. Co., part of a tract taken up by Nicholas Lankford.
Notes: This land record was originally published in "Virginia County Records - Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800, Volume I" edited by William Armstrong Crozier.
Remarks: William Williams of St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co., and Elizabeth, his wife, to John Williams of same Par. and county. 35 curr. 100 a. in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co., part of a tract taken up by Nicholas Lankford, and by him sold to John Coller (Collier), Junr
Description: Former owner
Book_Date: D

Spotsylvania County Virginia Land Records 1740

Virginia Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850
about Nicholas Lankford

Name: Nicholas Lankford
Date: 2 May 1740
LOCATION: Spotsylvania CO., VA
Property: 100 a. in Spts. Co.
Notes: This land record was originally published in "Virginia County Records - Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800, Volume I" edited by William Armstrong Crozier.
Remarks: Ralph x Williams of St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co., to William Williams of Par. and Co. afsd. 30 curr. 100 a. in Spts. Co.-formerly taken up by Nicholas Lankford and by him conveyed to John Collier, Jr., of King and Queen, and by sd. Collier to Robert Stubble
Description: Conveyor
Book_Date: C

Spotsylvania County Virginia Land Records

Virginia Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850
about Ed. Lankford

Name: Ed. Lankford
Date: 10 Oct 1737
LOCATION: Spotsylvania CO., VA
Property: 200 a, in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co.
Notes: This land record was originally published in "Virginia County Records - Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800, Volume I" edited by William Armstrong Crozier.
Remarks: James Terry of St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co., to John Holliday, Senr., of county and par. afsd. 20 curr. 200 a. Dec, 6, 1737.
Description: Witness
Book_Date: C


Louisa County Virginia Deeds

Book: CC, Page: 406
, Grantor: John R. Hopkins, Grantee: William D. and Manoah L.
Langford, Date: 30-Mar-1853
Deed 30 Mar 1853 John R. Hopkins of Louisa atty for Elizabeth D. and Mary E. Gooding of Marion Co., Ohio to William D. and Manoah L. Langford of Louisa $1,083.45; parcel of land bequeath to Elizabeth and Mary Gooding by Paul Wayate, Dec., cont 155 acres adjoining Caroline M. Langford and others Sig. John r. Hopkins Rec. 6 Jun 1853

Monday, May 14, 2007

Nicholas Langford 1778 South Carolina Currency


30s Serial Number: 10,378 SC 04/10/78

Signers: Nicholas Langford, William Roper.

Size: 62 x 96mm. (obverse border design 56 x 93mm).

Comments: Seal depicts a personification of Hope holding a branch in her left hand and with her right hand resting on an anchor. Click here to view the blank back.

Provenance: EANA mail bid auction 04/26/97 lot 329. Purchased through the Robert H. Gore, Jr. Numismatic Endowment.

Thomas A. Langford Obituary

Former Provost and Divinity School Dean Thomas Langford Dies

From the Duke News Service

February 13, 2000

Thomas LangfordThomas A. Langford, a former provost of Duke University and dean of the Duke Divinity School, died of heart failure at his Durham home on Sunday. He was 70.

As an administrator, Langford led Duke through an important period of change. He guided the Divinity School through a time of growth, and as provost, he helped the university respond to a series of tight budgets caused in part by declining government support, escalating capital and technology costs and an increasing need for financial aid.

As a scholar, Langford received attention for his books and articles on British theology and philosophical theology.

Duke President Nannerl O. Keohane on Sunday said Langford was "a wonderful colleague, advisor and friend. He was truly one of the wisest and most thoughtful people I've ever known. He was much beloved by many generations of Duke students and he will be greatly missed."

Keohane became Duke president while Langford was provost, and she said he was a "most amazing mentor, advisor and guide. I relied enormously on his judgment, what we should focus on as we set our priorities. I was very fortunate that he was in the provost's office when I got to Duke. At that point, he was my closest colleague."

Langford's tenure at Duke touched nearly every aspect of the university community. He received his B.D. from Duke Divinity School in 1954 and his Ph.D. from Duke as well in 1958. He joined the faculty in 1956, teaching in both the department of religion, where he served as chair, and in the Divinity School. From 1971-1981, he served as Divinity School dean.

In 1984, he became vice provost for academic affairs under Provost Phillip Griffiths. When Griffiths took a sabbatical for most of 1990, Langford stepped in as interim provost. He assumed the position full time when Griffiths became director of the Institute for Advanced Study in 1991.

During Langford's tenure as provost, the university passed a number of milestones: Duke began to map out plans for an improved planning process; the university-wide budget formula continued to be revised to enhance budget planning; a new initiative involved the entire campus in recruiting black faculty and students to campus; the Center for Teaching and Learning was formed to assist faculty and graduate student teachers with teaching skills; and Keohane became Duke's eighth president. He stepped down as provost in 1994 to return to the classroom.

While the time of tight budgets started under Griffiths, it was during Langford's term as provost that the university most seriously faced decisions related to limited resources. Richard Burton, the former chair of Duke's Academic Council, once said he thought Langford had a knack for identifying the core programs of the university.

"His intention [when faced with conflicting budget pressures] was always to ask what was right for the university," said Burton, a professor in Duke's Fuqua School of Business. "He felt that the reason why we were here was for scholarship, teaching and research. He never lost that; you might say he kept his 'eyes on the prize.' When dealing with limited resources, this is important. He was always guided by his internal compass of what was the university's mission."

As a teacher, Langford was a winner of one of the first teaching awards presented by the Duke student government. When Langford retired as a Divinity School professor in 1997, Divinity Dean L. Gregory Jones said, "Tom Langford has had an extraordinary career and unparalleled influence as a teacher, scholar and administrator. He has made enormously significant contributions to the United Methodist Church, to theological education and to Duke University. Tom embodies a rare contribution: a keen and searching intellect, astute judgment, faithful service, exemplary character, and a gracious spirit. A master teacher, he has influenced generations of students at Duke."

Langford served on many university committees on issues as varied as student life, black studies and Duke Press. After retiring in 1997, he served as William Kellon Quick professor emeritus of theology and Methodist studies and continued writing on Methodist theology. He also was active in the local community and in the church. An ordained United Methodist minister, Langford loved the church, Jones said on Sunday. "He played a key role helping United Methodism maintain theological continuity with its origins," Jones said.

He also served on the Board of Trustees of The Duke Endowment, the Charlotte-based philanthropic organization, and chaired the board's Rural Church Division. He exercised leadership in developing new ways in which that foundation's resources could be used to enhance churches, universities, health-care institutions, children's homes and communities throughout North and South Carolina.

Langford delivered the eulogy in April 1998 at the funeral service for his longtime friend, Terry Sanford. The two men met in 1960 when Sanford was successfully running for governor, and they went on to develop a friendship that lasted more than a quarter century. The friendship between Sanford and Langford began as a working relationship in 1968 when Langford served on the search committee that recommended Sanford to Duke's Board of Trustees, leading to his installation as the university's sixth president.

Shortly after Sanford was diagnosed with inoperable cancer, he himself asked Langford to give the eulogy.

"I think Terry asked me to give the eulogy because he saw himself as a churchman, as someone active in the life of the church," Langford said prior to Sanford's funeral. "He was indeed very active in the church, and I am honored to speak in his memory."

In presenting Langford in 1998 with the University Medal for Distinguished Meritorious Service for decades of service to Duke, Keohane said, "Here is a man whose intellectual depth and range have invigorated the field of philosophical theology, whose religious faith has expressed itself in service to the church and the community, whose caring disposition has made him a revered colleague and a valued mentor, whose steadfastness has impressed those who have observed his administrative adeptness, and whose loyalty over more than 40 years has helped to shape this university."

Langford's "lasting influence can be found in the many scholars and students whose lives he has touched," Keohane added in her 1998 presentation. "[Divinity Dean Jones] says he hears account after account, from alumni across the generations, of how the class taught by [Langford] was their favorite at Duke. 'His power as a teacher and a preacher is embodied in his own gracious spirit. He is consistently attentive to others and their concerns, offering reflections in ways designed to make others — and in his administrative service, Duke University — better.'"

Langford is survived by his wife, Ann Marie Daniel Langford, their four sons and their families. A memorial service will be held at 3 p.m. Friday, Feb. 18, at Duke Chapel.

Sunday, May 06, 2007

Glouster County Virginia

John Langford transported by William Hampton

25 Mar 1651

Patent Book No. 2
Page 311
William Hampton

To all etc. whoever etc Now Know yee that I the said
Sr. Wm. Berkeley etc.give and grant unto William Hampton
seven hundred acres of land lyeing on the East side of
the Eastern most river in Mockjack Bay begining on the
South side of a Creeke at a marked tree and running East
by North three hundred and twenty poles South by East
three hundred and fifty poles west by South three hundred
and twenty poles and North by west three hundred and fifty
poles to the river by the aforesaid Marked tree, the said
Land being due unto the said William Hampton by and for the
transportation of fourteen persons into the Colony etc. to
have and to hold etc. which payment if to be Made Seven years
after the first grant or Sealing thereof and not before etc.
Dated the 25th of March 1651

Thomas Smith Jeremy Edes Wm. Galoman John Wattkins
Richard Cary Philad: Hampton Wm Davis
Hugh Bromly John Ash Lymon Vaughan Ailce Walker
Wm. Bozeman John Langford Wm. Bozeman

Submitter Note: The above is translated from the early script of the
Colony of Virginia and spelling is retained as in the original document.

Copyright 2004 by Poldi J. Tonin

Friday, May 04, 2007

LANGFORD AND PROCTOR of Salem Massachusetts

Langford and Proctor in Salem Massachusetts
Type: HTML Msg

A History of Salem Massachusetts

By Sidney Perley

Volume I

Salem, Mass.
Sidney Perley

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